Sunday, July 14, 2024
orthopedic bed
hospital bed / 15/08/2021

If you have knee osteoarthritis, you must not only exercise, but also be able to move!

Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic joint disease characterized by the degeneration and destruction of articular cartilage and secondary bone hyperplasia caused by various reasons, and its progress is slow. The main manifestations are redness, swelling, and pain in the knee, soreness, and discomfort in the knee during activity, as well as swelling, snapping, and effusion of the knee joint. If not treated in time, it will cause joint deformity and disability in severe cases. There are many patients with knee osteoarthritis in my country. According to surveys, the prevalence rate of knee osteoarthritis among middle-aged and elderly people over 45 years old in my country has reached 8.1%. Among them, the prevalence rate is 10.3% for women, 5.7% for men, and even 13.7% in some areas.

  1. Many people think that the knee joints have undergone degenerative changes, and they will feel sore when they are moving. Shouldn’t it be necessary to minimize movement to reduce knee joint degeneration and pain?

In fact, this idea is wrong. Studies have shown that rehabilitation exercises can restore the muscles around the knee joint, gradually improve the biomechanical indicators of the knee joint, and optimize the knee joint function of the patient.

Does this subvert your perception?

At present, there is still no effective cure for knee osteoarthritis. Its treatment methods are mainly non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other medical treatments and artificial joint replacement surgery and other surgical operations.

Although drug therapy can effectively relieve pain, it cannot fundamentally delay or prevent the degeneration and necrosis of articular cartilage. Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can also increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, adverse cardiovascular events, and death. Surgery is an important method for the treatment of end-stage knee osteoarthritis. However, due to the limitation of the life of the prosthesis, this method is generally not suitable for young patients. Complications such as persistent postoperative pain and revision of the prosthesis can also bring huge complications to patients. pain.

Exercise therapy can effectively relieve joint pain, improve knee function, and delay the time of end-stage surgical intervention. It is a safe and effective conservative treatment method. Therefore, many academic institutions have incorporated exercise therapy into the first-line treatment of osteoarthritis.

  1. What exactly is exercise therapy, and how to effectively perform exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis?

In fact, any activity that strengthens or maintains muscle strength promotes physical health and improves overall health can be considered exercise therapy. Exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis runs through the whole process of healthy people-patients-restoring healthy people.

Patients with knee osteoarthritis need to pay attention to the correct way of exercise, so as to reduce pain, improve and maintain joint function, maintain joint mobility, and delay the progress of the disease.

The recommended exercises for knee osteoarthritis patients are mainly low-intensity: aerobic exercises, such as slow walking, swimming, Tai Chi, etc., are conducive to cartilage metabolism and prevent muscle disuse atrophy; muscle strength training around joints, such as thighs Head muscle isometric contraction training, straight leg raises to strengthen quadriceps training (straight leg raise), buttocks muscle training, static squat training, and resistance training, etc., can strengthen the muscles around the joints, improve joint stability, and promote local blood circulation.

  1. How should a patient with knee osteoarthritis formulate an exercise treatment plan? It is recommended to exercise regularly 2 to 3 times a week, and gradually develop the habit of regular exercise. The exercise intensity should meet the patient’s tolerance. After the patient adapts gradually, the exercise intensity can be gradually increased. In group exercises, you can supervise and assist each other. In the initial stage, the patient exercises at least 12 times within 3 months to master the skills and ensure compliance. After that, the frequency can be gradually increased and maintained. In the initial stage, you should exercise under the guidance of a physician; afterwards, you can exercise at home under the premise of complying with the treatment plan and exercise norms.

Finally, it should be noted that exercise therapy is a long-term effect, and the effect of treatment for 6 months is not significant, but long-term adherence can help restore and improve knee joint function and improve the patient’s quality of life.

Useful bed for suffers:

Adjustable bed